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Great Pyramid of Giza  

The Last Wonder of the Ancient World
Constructed from 2.3 million stone blocks, each weighing 2 to 15 tons each, the Great Pyramid of Khufu is the oldest wonder of the ancient world and the only one still intact. The 6 million tons of limestone and granite—weighing more than of all Europe's cathedrals put together—have towered over nearby Giza since 2650 BC.

Ordered by Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, the construction lasted 20 years and required over 20,000 workers to complete. In its prime, the structure stood 480 feet tall and remained the largest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years, though the limestone peak eroded to a mere 455 feet before the modern era.

The tunnels into the pyramid are not for the faint of heart. It’s a hundred feet of uncomfortable, huddled-over climbing to the King and Queen’s chamber, or down into the bedrock beneath, often stuffy with sweltering desert heat and tourists.

For the claustrophobic, or for a break after spelunking into the tunnels, the Solar Barque Museum around back houses a 143 foot long cedar-wood boat, excavated from its burial place near the pyramid and reconstructed from 1,224 pieces of wood, which can be viewed in the air-conditioned museum while enjoying a drink.

The Great Pyramid sits in a complex of buildings and smaller pyramids, three for the wives of Khufu, one for his son that rivals the main pyramid in size, and smaller structures for nobles and dignitaries.

But visitors need not enter any of the structures to enjoy the Great Pyramid of Giza. The first, unforgettable sight of the world’s largest building is a memory powerful enough to carry for a lifetime.
 
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Great Pyramid of Giza
Giza, Egypt
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Rating 94.58 
Rank [category] 4 
Rank [overall] 19 
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"There is really no sight like them. Breathtaking. "
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